Outreach Development

Melanopsin Expressing Retinal Ganglion Cells and Neurodegenerative Disease

Submitted by palmergrabner on Fri, 02/03/2023 - 12:54

There are many different cells involved in the pathway that communicates the light detected by photosensors in the retina to the rest of the brain. One important group of cells sense light, but do not help us see: they are involved in other functions such as maintaining/resetting the circadian rhythm.

Retinal Cells Created in the Lab

Submitted by kaelynchang on Thu, 01/19/2023 - 11:06

As the light-sensitive layer at the very back of our eye, the retina is responsible for converting light that enters the eye into information that the brain can understand. The cells in our retina play an essential role in our ability to see colors, visualize shapes, and process light.

Astigmatism and Holiday Lights

Submitted by kaelynchang on Wed, 12/07/2022 - 09:37

As we approach the holiday season, dazzling lights and flashy decorations are bound to be placed across your environment. Whether placed around your home, your neighborhood, or your overall community, holiday lights are a common way to express cheerful spirit throughout the winter months.

Cystinosis and Photophobia

Submitted by kaelynchang on Wed, 11/30/2022 - 14:56

As a rare and aggressive neurological disorder, cystinosis affects only 500 people living in the United States today. This disorder originates from a recessive gene called CTNS, which is responsible for managing the deposition of cystine crystals in the cornea, a light-bending layer of the eye. This gene is able to regulate a required level of cystine through the creation of a protein called cystinosin. Cystine is an amino acid that is vital for making important proteins in our body.

Pupil Shapes in the Animal Kingdom!

Submitted by jacksonn1 on Tue, 11/29/2022 - 21:49

The pupil is the round opening in the center of the iris that allows light to enter the eye to be processed by the retina. However, the pupil is not always round! A round pupil is found in humans and other animals like dogs, but other animals can have differently shaped pupils serving different purposes.

History of Eyeglasses!

Submitted by jacksonn1 on Mon, 11/14/2022 - 09:52

Eyeglasses are a wonderful tool for those who have vision impairments to see clearly. So many people benefit from them today, but it hasn’t always been this way. The development of glasses as a treatment for imperfect vision has taken a very long time to perfect, so the question rises… What were the first-ever glasses like?


Talcum Retinopathy!

Submitted by jacksonn1 on Wed, 11/09/2022 - 09:11

What is talcum powder? 

Talcum powder is made from talc, a mineral made up mainly of the elements magnesium, silicon, and oxygen. As a powder, it absorbs moisture well and helps cut down on friction, making it useful for keeping skin dry and helping to prevent rashes making it a common substance used in baby powders. It is also an insoluble inert particular filler material in street drugs.